Security Forces Kill 4 Terrorist in Encounter in J&K’ Anantnag 

Four terrorists including the head of the Islamic State Jammu and Kashmir (ISJK) were killed on Friday in an encounter between militants and security forces in Anantnag District of Jammu and Kashmir. A policeman and a civilian were also killed in the crossfire.

The encounter started on Friday morning when security forces launched a cordon and search operation in Srigufwara area of the district in south Kashmir after receiving intelligence input about the presence of terrorists, a police official said.

According to reports, owner of the house died in the crossfire and his wife has been injured.

Reportedly Internet services have been suspended in Srinagar and Anantnag.

This is the first Army operation against terrorists after imposition of the governor rule in the state.

More information on the ongoing encounter is awaited.

India retaliates Trump’s imposition of heavy tariffs, raises import duties on agri products, other items 

India strongly retaliated against US President Donald Trump’s imposition of heavy tariffs on imported steel and aluminium items by raising tariffs on a slew of items, including agri products and other items.

The duty hike would come into effect immediately for 28 products but for artemia, a kind of shrimp, the rate hike would be effective from August 4, said the finance ministry.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration’s retaliatory move came in wake of a global trade war between the U.S. and its key trading partners.

“The increase in tariffs is a message to the U.S. administration to take concerns of other nations seriously,” said Sachin Chaturvedi, director general at New Delhi-based think tank Research and Information System for Developing Countries.

He added, “Now this is unlikely to remain confined to a tariff war and will escalate to non-tariff measures as well.”

The EU this week triggered the first phase of retaliation against the U.S. over its metal-import tariffs imposed on national-security grounds.

India has also towed the US to the WTO dispute settlement mechanism over the imposition of import duties on steel and aluminium as raised levies has affected steel exports by $198.6 million and aluminium shipments by $42.4 million.

Ministry of Finance revealed India to raise import duty on chickpeas and Bengal gram, or chana, to 70 percent and with effect from August 4.

India will increase tariffs on other items, including walnuts, almonds, boric acid, apples, diagnostic reagents, some hot-rolled coil products, other alloy steel, tube and pipe fittings, and screws, bolts and rivets.

“Responses of partner nations are adequate enough to force the U.S. to do that,” said Biswajit Dhar, a professor at the Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Supreme Court judge Justice Chelameswar to demit office today

Justice Chelameswar, senior-most judge of the Supreme Court, prepares to retires from office on June 22 after nearly seven years of remarkable tenure in the court. He always called for transparency in the functioning of the Collegium.

Justice Chelameswar was part of the nine-judge bench that gave the historic verdict declaring right to privacy a fundamental right and also he is the one who mounted a virtual revolt against Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra.

In hard-hitting remarks, Justice Chelameswar had said, “Many things that are less than desirable happened in the last few months.”

“Unless this institution (Supreme Court) is preserved and it maintains its equanimity, democracy will not survive in this country, or any country. The survival of a democracy, it is said, the hallmark of a good democracy, is an independent and impartial judge,” he said.

 Justice Chelameswar along with justices Ranjan Gogoi, MB Lokur and Kurian Joseph, had raised concern over “selective” allocation of cases, including the case of special CBI judge BH Loya.

Justice Chelameswar had also refused the invitation of the Supreme Court Bar Association to participate in a farewell function.

The process for possible elevation of KM Joseph, Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice,  as a Supreme Court judge may get delayed.

‘Black Cat’ Commandos Reach Srinagar For Anti-Terror Operations


Union government has dispatched a team of National Security Guards (NSG), also known as ‘Black Cats’, to Srinagar for counter-militancy operations in Jammu and Kashmir.
According to officials, a team of NSG has been stationed in the Kashmir Valley for quite some time and is undergoing training on the outskirts of the city.
The Home Ministry decided to station NSG in Kashmir after increase in number of close encounters where many soldiers died during anti-terror operations in densely populated localities.
The NSG commandos will be a force-multiplier for anti-militancy forces deployed in Jammu and Kashmir.
The commandos have been equipped with the latest weapons.

Police arrest separatist leader Yasin Malik for calling shutdown in Srinagar

Yasin Malik, chief of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front was detained on June 21 while Hurriyat Conference Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq was placed under house arrest in order to prevent the separatists from leading protests in Kashmir valley, police said.

The separatists under the banner of Joint Resistance Leadership (an amalgamation of separatist groups) have given a protest shutdown call on June 20 for today against the murder of senior journalist Shujaat Bukhari and civilian killings in the Kashmir Valley.

“Joint Resistance Leadership has called for a complete strike on Thursday against the continued civilian killings in the valley, which has witnessed a sudden spike since the eve of Eid as three young boys have been brutally gunned down by the Indian forces while the fourth is struggling for life at SKIMS,” the statement said.

Yasin Malik was taken into custody from his Maisuma residence in Srinagar and has been lodged in police station Kothibagh. Whereas Farooq was placed under house arrest at his Nigeen residence, a police official said.

However, Syed Ali Shah Geelani, chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference, continued to remain under house detention.

Trump signs executive order to end separation of immigration families at US-Mexico border

President Donald Trump signed an executive order to end separation of immigration families at US-Mexico border. The decision came in wake of an extensive protest against the move of Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” immigration policy that separates children from their parents who illegally enter the country.

“We’re keeping families together, and this will solve that problem. At the same time, we are keeping a very powerful border and it continues to be a zero-tolerance. We have zero tolerance for people that enter our country illegally,” Trump said.

After the signing of the executive order families will be kept together in federal custody as long as their criminal proceedings take.

No clarification came from administrative officials regarding how soon the family separation will end or when and how families now separated will be reunited.

Brian Marriott, a spokesman for the Health and Human Services Department’s Administration for Children and Families, said, “It is still very early and we are awaiting further guidance on the matter. Reunification is always the ultimate goal of those entrusted with the care of unaccompanied children and the administration is working towards that for those in custody.”

Trump’s wife, Melania Trump, in private conversations with the president, urged him to do something to end the humanitarian crisis, a White House official confirmed.

Trump said, “Ivanka feels very strongly. My wife feels very strongly about it. I feel very strongly about it. I think anybody with a heart would feel very strongly about it.”

How to Judge the Quality of the Precious Gem in Diamond Earrings?

Diamond is one of the most priceless and precious gemstones available as of now. Many prefer diamond earrings because of their long-lasting and sparkling nature. When you buy diamond by spending so much money, you must also know its quality. It is very important to buy good quality diamonds because there are many types of diamond stones available in the market. So, how can you assess the quality of the gem in diamond earrings? Here are few points you need to note while buying a diamond earring.

  1. Colour
  2. Clarity
  3. Cut
  4. Carat

These are the four important points you need to check while buying diamond earrings. In addition to these,you also need to know the type of certification for the specific diamond

Colour

Diamond has got 23 scale for colour grading from D to Z. The letter D represents colourless diamond and Z represents yellow or brown. As the colour scale changes, the value of diamond will also decrease. There are 5 colour categories:

  • (D-F): Colourless
  • (G-J): Almost colourless
  • (K-M): Faint
  • (N-R): Very Light
  • (S-Z): Light

Verify that you buy diamond earrings of good quality. Checking its appearance will help you with that. Actually, the colour difference is negligible and it is difficult to identify by the naked eye.

Clarity

Diamond with high clarity is rare to find in nature. So, clarity of the gem is an important factor to consider. A pure quality stone will not contain any surface imperfections. There are 11 clarity scales available. They are:

  • Flawless (FL) diamonds have no inclusions or marks.
  • Diamond with no inclusion but small marks externally comes under ‘Internally Flawless’ (IFL).
  • Very, very faintly included (VVS1) and (VVS2) will have small inclusions and it will be difficult to see with naked eye or magnification.
  • Very faintly included (VS1) and (VS2) with slight inclusion can be seen under magnification but not naked eye.
  • Slightly included contains noticeable inclusions
  • Included diamond (I1), (I2) and (I3) are with inclusions and you can see it with your naked eyes.

Cut

A well-cut diamond will be sparkling from every angle and is one of the important factors to consider while buying diamond earrings.The cut quality scale is in between 0-10 points

Ideal cut (0), excellent cut(1), very good cut(2), god cut(3,4), fair cut (5,6) and poor cut(7, 8). You can identify the perfect cut with light performance.

Carat

Carat is another indication of diamond quality. It’s just an indication of its size actually. There are various types like 1 carat, 2 carat and decimal representations. Carat represents its quality and value.

You need to consider all the above points while buying diamond earrings. Also, make sure to get certified diamond earrings. There are many agencies like GIA, AGS and EGL for grading diamond. Certification ensures you that the diamond you buy is original. Get away from diamond scams and invest only in certified diamond earrings. While you exchange or sell it, they may ask for its certifications.

Diamond earrings are one of the popular gifts that you can gift to your loved one. While giving a gift, you must ensure its quality. With this guide, you would be able to ensure that.

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Massive Road Accident in MP Kills 12 members of family, 8 others injured

Twelve members of a family from Gwalior District in Madhya Pradesh were killed and eight others were injured in a massive road accident while they were on their way to attend the last rites of their relative, a police official said.

The accident took place when a sand-laden tractor-trolley collided with the overloaded jeep carrying 20 people on June 21 morning around 5.30 at a crossroad near Ganjrampur village, in Morena, 456 km from capital Bhopal, Morena Superintendent of Police Amit Sanghi reportedly said.

He added that 12 of the victims died on the spot and eight others who sustained injuries in the accident were referred to the district hospital for treatment.

The police also claimed that the insurance of the jeep had expired in September 2014 but the vehicle was registered as a taxi and continued to ferry passengers.

The driver of the tractor-trolley, carrying sand mined illegally from the National Chambal Sanctuary, fled the spot after the accident, Sanghi said.

Police said a case has been registered against the driver and a probe is initiated regarding the accident.

Police confirmed five women are among the dead.

Former CM Abdullah calls for the immediate dissolution of the J&K Legislative Assembly

Following the imposition of Governor’s rule in the state Omar Abdullah, former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister accused the BJP of trying to break other parties for political gains and called for the immediate dissolution of the J&K Legislative Assembly and holding of fresh elections in the State.

“The J&K state assembly should be dissolved immediately & fresh elections should take place as soon as appropriate. The former DCM has admitted that BJP can’t be trusted not to horse trade for government formation,” he tweeted.

Abdullah reacted to the statement released by Kavinder Gupta, BJP leader and former deputy chief minister, ‘that his party was working on something’.

According to reports, former deputy CM said, “I don’t think a new government will be formed anytime soon. Uncertainties are there, but we are working on something and people will get to know about it.”

On the statement saying we are working on it, Abdullah asked on twitter “What do you mean ‘we are working on something’? The only ‘something’ would be to break other parties & make up the numbers to form a BJP Govt. Has the former DCM inadvertently spilled the beans?”

7,000 Indians filed applications for asylum in US in 2017: UNHCR report

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’s (UNHCR) annual Global Trends report revealed that over 7,000 people from India filed applications for asylum in the US in 2017.

UNHCR report claims that America emerged as the largest recipient of new asylum requests for the first time in 2017 where the maximum number of asylum claims came from El Salvador (49,500) followed by Guatemala, Honduras and Venezuela. The other nationalities which show more than 5,000 claims in 2017 were Mexico with (26,100) claims, China (17,400), Haiti (8,600) and India (7,400).

According to UN report:

Rise in wars, other violence and persecution resulted in the displacement of nearly 6.85 crore people globally as of the end of 2017.

America emerged as the largest recipient of new asylum requests for the first time in 2017.

Crisis in Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan’s war, and the flight into Bangladesh from Myanmar of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees were the key factors behind the huge number of displaced people globally.

Afghanistan nationals filed the highest number of asylum claims making it to 124,900 in 80 different countries.

In India, there were 1.97 lakh refugees at the end of 2017, and 10,519 asylum seekers had pending cases.

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