India has become a prime destination for green ship recycling with the passing and enactment of the landmark Recycling of Ships Act, 2019. This is the result of several important progressive policy interventions and new initiatives to accelerate the overall development of the shipping sector.
India has also acceded to International Maritime Organization (IMO) Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships in November 2019. The new Act provides a legislative framework for implementation of the provisions of the Hong Kong Convention. It also contains provisions of the Convention, which are not covered in the Ship-breaking Code (Revised), 2013.With enactment of this Act; ship-recycling volume is expected to double by 2024.
Accession to IMO’s Hong Kong International Convention will give boost to the domestic ship recycling industry in India, which is one of the world’s five major ship recycling countries. In its annual review of the performance of the Ministry of Shipping for 2019, the ministry claimed that enactment of the landmark Recycling of Ships Act, 2019; accession to IMO’s Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally, improved connectivity with neighbouring countries for ease of movement of cargo and passengers and taking up new projects under flagship Sagarmala project were the major highlights.
India has also become the first country in the world to issue Biometric Seafarers Identity Document (BSID) capturing the facial biometric data of seafarers. The new document will give a foolproof identification to our seafarers, which will facilitate their movement across countries, providing ease of getting jobs and also helping in identification at any location in the world.
The year 2019 saw a series of international cooperation agreements and events. In order to boost the bilateral trade with other countries and to ensure cooperation and coordination in the maritime sector, several MoUs were signed with neighbouring, South Asian and other countries like Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan Maldives, Denmark and Sweden.
One of the significant MoUs signed between India and Maldives will pave the way for ferry and cargo services between Maldives and Kerala. Another agreement has been signed with Sweden for mutual recognition of the certificates of seafarers in December 2019. This will enable the employment of Indian seafarers on-board Swedish flagships.
In another significant development, to promote movement of passenger, cruise services and cargo transit to North East Region (NER), the alternative connectivity route via Bangladesh’s Chattogram and Mongla Ports was first time used to North East Region.
This will increase trade volumes and reduce logistic costs of the cargo. Eight routes are also provided under the Agreement, which would enable access of NER via Bangladesh. A MoU was also signed with the Germany for technology collaboration for the Central Inland & Coastal Maritime Technology (CICMT) at IIT Kharagpur during the state visit of German Chancellor.
India and Nepal have agreed to include Inland Waterways connectivity as an additional mode of transport in the Treaty of Transit. An Indian waterway was used for transportation of cargo between Bangladesh and Bhutan, using India for transit on 12.07.2019, for the first time ever.
Three Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) were signed between Ranong Port (Port Authority of Thailand) and the Port Trusts of Chennai, Vishakhapatnam and Kolkata. These MoUs will enhance economic partnership by cutting down the sea travel time between India and Thailand from 10- 15 days to 7 days.
Ease of Doing Business
India has improved its ranking under the Trading Across Border (TAB) parameter of Ease of Doing business (EoDB) from 80 to 68. This has been facilitated due to various measures like Direct Port Delivery (DPD), Direct Port Entry (DPE), Introduction of RFID, and installation of scanners and container scanners, simplification of procedures etc., taken by the major ports.
Promotion of Cruise Tourism and Coastal Shipping was one of the top most priorities of the Ministry of Shipping throughout this year. As Cruise Tourism has huge potential, the Ministry has taken various steps for promotion of international and domestic cruise services in India. The arrival of the first private premium luxury cruise liner ‘KARNIKA’ has added another chapter in domestic cruise tourism in India. “KARNIKA” is offering for the first time opportunity to Indians to experience cruise tourism between Mumbai — Goa, Mumbai — Ganpatipule (Jaigad), Mumbai — Diu, Mumbai — Gulf routes. Inaugural cruise services were started between Dhaka and Kolkata this year. Four cruise vessels have already travelled between India and Bangladesh in 2019.
The number of seafarers increased from 1,54,349 in 2017 to 2,08,799 in 2018 and to 2,31,776 in 2019. India has seen an unprecedented growth of Indian seafarers employed on-board Indian and foreign flagged vessels, as a result of cumulative impact of decisions of the Government to improve the quality of Maritime Training, increase in the training capacity and increase in the number of training berths.
The standardization of course curriculum and course material, improvement in examination system and above all by ease of doing business brought through simplified processes and with e-governance modules in the year 2019 had also helped in growth. Issuing Biometric Seafarers Identity Document (BSID) is considered a revolutionary step in this direction. An agreement has been also signed with Sweden for mutual recognition of the certificates of seafarers in December 2019.
For skill development, under the Phase 2 of Sagarmala Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDUGKY) for convergence for skill development in Port and Maritime Sector has been launched in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Besides these dedicated training centres have also been inaugurated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
A Multi Skill Development Centre (MSDC) in Maritime Logistics at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust was also inaugurated in 2019. The MSDC will provide skill development in maritime logistics to over 1050 students per year in the port and maritime sector. Multi-skill Development Centres (MSDC) are being setup at all major ports.
The foundation stone for the Central Inland and Coastal Maritime Technology (CICMT) at IIT Kharagpur was laid in March, 2019.The establishment of CICMT signifies a major leap in indigenous innovation and cutting-edge technology support to the Port and Maritime sector directly contributing to the Sagarmala programme and support ‘Make in India’ and is based on close collaboration amongst government, academic institutions and industry to make applied research relevant to day to day ground work in the port and maritime sector. A MoU was also signed with the Germany for technology collaboration for the centre during the state visit of German Chancellor.
Shipyards and ports
The first ever BIMSTEC Conclave of Ports was held in India in 2019. The conclave provided a platform to strengthen maritime interaction, port-led connectivity initiatives and sharing best practices among member countries. In 2019, upgraded Port Community System has been introduced for all ports.
The system enables seamless data flow between the various stakeholders through common interface. To move towards complete paperless regime, E-DO (Electronic Delivery Order) through PCS made mandatory along with e-invoicing and e-payment. The RFID Operation at KDS, CCTV Operations at Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and Rabindra Setu and three Truck Parking Terminals at KDS were also inaugurated in 2019. The RFID system will provide single window system to the port users for obtaining permit and passes through cashless transactions.
Two multipurpose berths at Deen Dayal Port, Kandla were inaugurated by in March 2019. The new berths would help in reducing the congestion in the port. In 2019 a 400 bedded Super Specialty Hospital at Paradip Port at an estimated cost of 200 crores with an option to further develop a Medical College and expand the hospital on PPP basis.
The ministry has undertaken several initiatives to promote Coastal Shipping, as coastal shipping is the top most priority of the Ministry under Sagarmala. In order to continue this pace and seek further growth of coastal trade, a perspective plan up to year 2025 on development of coastal shipping in India has been prepared by Asian Development Bank. The plan takes a holistic view of the coastal shipping sector discerning its potential and challenges and addresses them with necessary infrastructure, regulatory and commercial intervention.
The Ministry of Shipping has approved setting up of a National Maritime Heritage Complex at Lothal with total cost of 478.9 crores, the first of its kind world class complex in the country to showcase India’s rich Maritime Heritage dating back from Harappan times.
For a closer and active interaction between the Central Government and the Maritime States/UTs for augmenting the infrastructure development and safety and security of the ports, as ports play a vital role in EXIM Trade,17thMaritime State Development Council was held in October 2019.
India was re-elected to the IMO Council under Category “B” — States with the largest interest in international seaborne trade, as the Assembly of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has elected new members for IMO Council for the biennium 2020-21. The Ministry of Shipping has amended the guidelines regarding Grant of Right of First Refusal to Indian shipyards by Government departments or agencies for procurement of vessels by them for own use or Government use.
A proposal regarding settlement of long pending subsidy claims for executed shipbuilding contracts under the shipbuilding subsidy scheme, 2002-2007 has been given approval in October 2019. This would involve release of committed liability of shipbuilding subsidy through budgetary support of approx. 153 crores for a total number of 51 vessels, including retained subsidy for 47 vessels and full subsidy for 4 vessels. This Ministry is formulating guidelines for release of the subsidy, it is learnt.